IVF in Russia

Considering IVF in Russia?

IVF in Russia | Embryo and Egg donation in Russia | IVF costs in Russia

Ultimate guide to your IVF treatment in Russia

Russia is a popular and affordable destination for receiving IVF treatment. Patients visit Russia from all over the world, and the most popular cities to receive treatment are St. Petersburg and Moscow.

There are many experienced clinics in Russia as well as highly experienced doctors, and there is a large donor pool for egg donation as well as no waiting lists.

There are about 200 IVF clinics in Russia, but only about 10 of these treat international patients. Most of the clinics are located in Moscow and St. Petersburg. Patients considering IVF treatment abroad, especially IVF with donor eggs often chose Russia or Ukraine because of the IVF treatment costs.

If you want to save costs on your treatment, Russia is an excellent destination. One thing to be aware of, however, is that it is not a member of the European Union. That means you will need to get a visa for your visit. As soon as you are in the country, you will find that the level of service and the quality of treatment are excellent in the clinics that specialise in treating international patients.

IVF Treatment in Russia: Legal Aspects

There are various legal considerations to consider when you travel to Russia for IVF treatment, so it’s important to know these before you start planning your trip.

While there is no maximum age limit set by law for female patients, the rules are decided by individual clinics. It’s therefore important to ask your chosen clinic what their rules are. There is no maximum age limit for the male partner.

Heterosexual couples and single women can receive IVF treatment in Russia. However, female couples and male couples are unable to receive treatment.

As with many other destinations, gender selection is not permitted for family balancing reasons. However, it may be allowed to prevent the transmission of genetic diseases. Also be aware that in the genetic embryo test results, some clinics may reveal the embryo’s sex.

HIV-positive patients are not legally prevented from receiving IVF treatment, but it will depend on the clinic. This is the same for HCV-positive and HBV-positive patients.

When transferring embryos with your own eggs or donor eggs, the maximum number is two.

IVF in Russia treatment availability
IVF treatments in Russia

IVF in Russia – fertility treatments

  • Maximum woman age is not set by law, decided by each IVF clinic in Russia  individually
  • There is no limit for male partner’s age 
  • Heterosexual couples can receive an IVF treatment
  • IVF is available for single woman
  • IVF is not available for female couples
  • IVF is not available for male couples – ask clinics for details
  • Sex selection is not allowed unless to prevent the transmission of serious genetic diseases, however some clinics may reveal a sex of an embryo in genetic embryo tests results
  • Many clinics support HIV positive patients
  • Many clinics support HCV/HBV positive patients
  • The maximum number of embryos to transfer is 2 for IVF own eggs and the same for egg donation IVF

Egg Donation in Russia

There are many egg donors available in Russia. These mainly consist of Caucasian donors, but some clinics provide donors from other ethnicities, including Scandinavian and Asian donors. Many Asian patients choose Russia for IVF treatment using egg donation for this reason.

One of the things to consider in Russia is that while egg donors are anonymous, the clinics may reveal more information about the donors compared to other countries. This includes their skills, education, history, general description, weight, nationality and even baby pictures of the donor. But recipient couples and babies cannot know the identity of the donor, and there is no mixed system of anonymous and non-anonymous donors.

Egg donation is popular because there are no waiting lists, and both fresh and frozen oocytes are available. The age of donors is legally restricted to between 18 and 35 years old.

When a donor is matched to a recipient, this is based on visual characteristics like race, hair colour, eye colour and skin colour to ensure the donor is as similar as possible to the recipient.

There are also several donor qualification tests that are required by law including:

  • HIV 1 and 2
  • Hepatitis B and C
  • Syphilis
  • Clinical blood count
  • STD testing for chlamydia, gonorrhoea, mycoplasma, urea plasma, trichomonas, cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex 1 and 2
  • Psychological examination

Sperm Donation in Russia

There are many sperm donors available in Russia of various ethnicities, but they are mainly Caucasian. There are no waiting lists, and most IVF clinics in the country have their own sperm banks. If patients cannot find a matching donor race, they may be able to find one in external sperm banks.

The age limit for sperm donors in Russia is between 18 and 35. Donor identities are strictly anonymous, and the couple are unable to find out the identity of the donor in any conditions. Only basic physical characteristics can be used to make sure the match is as close as possible.

IVF Costs in Russia

Russia is another, very affordable country to receive IVF treatment in Europe besides Ukraine.

  • The cost of a basic IVF package in Russia for treatment using your own eggs ranges from to €2,300 to €2,900
  • Egg donation IVF cost in Russia range from €4,000 to €4,800
  • Donor embryos in Russia range from €2,000 to €2,800
  • The cost for egg freezing – social freezing in Russia is between €2,100 and €2,500.
IVF costs in Russia - basic packages
IVF with own eggs in Russia€2,300 - €2,900
IVF with donor eggs in Russia€4,000 - €4,800
Embryo donation in Russia€2,000 - €2,800
Egg freezing (oocytes cryopreservation) in Russia€2,100 - €2,500
Source: Average IVF costs in Russia - Basic Packages - IVF Abroad Patient's Guide 2022

Egg Donation Costs in Russia

When it comes to IVF using egg donation the average cost range of an egg donation cycle in Russia is between €4,000 and €4,800. This means Russia is one of the most affordable destinations in Europe.

However, it’s important to remember that the final cost will depend on several factors, including the number of oocytes from a donor that are used for fertilisation, additional techniques that are included, and whether the treatment is guaranteed. The cost will also vary depending on the clinic and the location in Russia.

There are also some clinics that offer “Refund Guarantee IVF” options and packages. In this case, the refund is based on the expected outcome of the programme. Keep in mind that these programmes tend to be more expensive.

Embryo Donation Costs in Russia

The cost of embryo donation in Russia ranges from €2,000 to €2,800. This makes Russia a very affordable destination for embryo donation. Availability is also very good, and the embryos are primarily of Caucasian ethnicity.

The embryo donors are strictly anonymous and neither the couple nor the child can find out the identity in any condition. There is also no mixed system with anonymous and non-anonymous donations.

Double Donation in Russia

Double donation is available in Russia. This is where both oocytes from donors and sperm from donors are used. The cost of double donation is similar to the cost of egg donation programmes, but you have to consider the additional cost of the sperm donor, which is between €190 and €350 on average.

Other IVF Costs in Russia

There are several other IVF costs involved for anyone seeking treatment in Russia. These include various IVF add-ons and additional services.

Medical consultations cost between €80 and €150 on average, and this makes them very affordable compared to many other countries. The doctors are also very experienced.

The cost of the frozen embryo transfer (FET) is between €1,000 and €1,300. This makes it less expensive than the European average.

Other costs in Russia include:

  • Sperm freezing: €190 – €350
  • Donor sperm: €190 – €350
  • Embryo Monitoring (Embryoscope, Time Lapse, Geri etc.): €250 – €350
  • Blastocyst culture: €150 – €250 (included in basic packages in most of the clinics)
  • PGT-A / PGS genetic embryo testing: €1,400 – €1,600
  • Vitrification of (remaining) embryos and storage for 1 year: €300 – €400
IVF costs in Russia - other costs and add-ons
Medical consultation (doctor)€80- €150
Sperm freezing€190 - €350
Donor sperm€190 - €350
Embryo Monitoring (Embryoscope, Time Lapse, Geri etc.)€250 - €350
Blastocyst culture€150 - €250
included in basic packages in most of the clinics
PGT-A / PGS genetic embryo testing*€1,400 - €1,600
Vitrification of (remaining) embryos and storage for 1 year€300 - €400
FET - Frozen Embryo Transfer€1,000 - €1,200
Source: Average IVF costs in Russia - IVF Abroad Patient's Guide 2022
*PGT-A / PGS genetic embryo testing: include embryo biopsy and embryo diagnosis - up to 4 embryos using NGS technique

IVF Success Rates in Russia with Own Eggs

The success rate in Russia for IVF treatment using your own eggs is good. According to the ESHRE EIM report for 2017:

  • The success rate for women under 34 is 30.3%
  • The success rate for women between 35 and 39 is 24.1%
  • The success rate for women aged 40 and over is 12%

You can see how this compares to other popular destinations in the table below.

IVF with own eggs in popular countries in Europe*<3435-39≥40
Spain25.823.211.7
Portugal26.621.214.3
Czech Republic29.721.68.9
North Cyprus**no datano datano data
Greece30.422.89.7
Ukraine25.422.714.1
Poland30.525.912.9
Russia30.324.112
Latvia29.433.620.7
Denmark

30.420.212.3
Source: ART in Europe, 2017: results generated from European registries by ESHRE*
Supplementary Table SX Aspirations, pregnancy and delivery rates by age distribution (years) of women treated with ICSI in 2017.
Pregnancies per embryo transfer.
**North Cyprus is the self–proclaimed state recognised only by Turkey and is not providing and data to ESHRE EIM Consortium.

Remember that comparing success rates across countries can be difficult because the results vary based on factors like patient characteristics and the treatments used. In general, most clinics achieve similar results.

IVF Success Rates in Russia with Donor Eggs

Using data from the ESHRE EIM report for 2017, we can see the success rates for IVF treatment in Russia with donor eggs.

  • The success rate for fresh embryo transfer in Russia is 48%
  • The success rate for thawed embryo transfer in Russia is 45%

Egg donation success rates in Russia vs. other countries in Europe

Egg donation success rates in popular countries in Europe*Pregnancies per fresh ET (%)Pregnancies per thawed ET (%)

Spain54.751.1
Portugal52.640.6
Czech Republic42.223.1
North Cyprus**no datano data
Greece54.750.1
Ukraine61.662.2
Poland34.444.7
Russia48.045.0
Latvia39.542.3
Denmark

38.633.7
Source: ART in Europe, 2017: results generated from European registries by ESHRE*
Supplementary Table SVIII Pregnancies and deliveries after ED (fresh and frozen cycles) in 2017. In Egg Donation cycles, the age of the recipient women had no influence on outcomes. Pregnancies per embryo transfer (fresh and frozen)
**North Cyprus is the self–proclaimed state recognised only by Turkey and is not providing and data to ESHRE EIM Consortium.

Data from Russian IVF clinics is reported to the Russian Association for Human Reproduction (RARCH), which publishes annual IVF success rates in the country. You can see the results here.

In addition, RARCH publishes all the certified IVF centres in Russia here. However, be aware that this website is only available in Russian.

Reviewed by:

IVF in Russia
Aleksander is an advocate of transparency and truth about IVF treatment and patients’ experience manager. With strong expertise and background in the IVF and infertility industry including IVF clinics and genetic laboratories Aleksander strongly believes that there is a gap between IVF patients and clinics. This is a gap where patients may fall for the most common IVF treatment traps during their infertility journey. That’s why patients need help and support which they don’t necessarily get from IVF clinics. The support which comes from an objective, trustworthy and reliable source. Aleksander is a regular guest at ESHRE annual meetings, the Fertility Show in London, the Fertility Forum, the IMTJ - Medical Travel Summit, Fertility Exhibitions and conferences around the world.